(born c.1410)

Philippe Caroit
Pierre de Brézé

Coat of Arms  Pierre de Brézé

Castle of de Brézé


Was a brave French soldier, bold adventurer and politician in the service of King Charles VII. He had made his name in the English wars when in 1433 he joined with Yolande queen of Sicily, the Constable Richmond and others, in chasing from power Charles VII's minister Georges de la Trémoille He was knighted by Charles of Anjou in 1434, and presently entered the royal council. In 1437 he became seneschal of Anjou, and in 1440 of Poitou. He was married to Jeanne de Bec Crespin. 

During the Praguerie he rendered great service to the royal cause against the *Dauphin Louis and the revolted nobles, a service which was remembered against him after Louis's accession to the throne.

He fought against the English in Normandy in 1440-1441, and in Guienne in 1442. In the next year he became Chamberlain to Charles VII, and gained the chief power in the state through the influence of Agnes Sorel, the Kings Mistress, superseding his early allies Richmond and Charles of Anjou. The six years (1444-1450) of his ascendancy were the most prosperous period of the reign of Charles VII. His most dangerous opponent was the dauphin Louis, who in 1448 brought against him accusations which led to a formal trial resulting in a complete exoneration of Brézé and his restoration to favour. He fought in Normandy in 1450-1451, and became seneschal of the province after the death of Agnes Sorel and the consequent decline of his influence at court

The battle

Margaret of Anjou
grandchild of Queen Yoland

He made an ineffective descent on the English coast at Sandwich in 1457, and was preparing an expedition in favour of Margaret of Anjou when the accession of Louis XI brought him disgrace and a short imprisonment. In 1462, however, his son Jacques married Louis's half-sister, Charlotte de Valois, daughter of Agnès Sorel. In 1462 he accompanied Margaret to Scotland with a force of 2000 men, and after the battle of Hexham he brought her back to Flanders. On his return he was reconciled with Louis XI and reappointed seneschal of Normandy.

He was succeeded as seneschal of Normandy by his eldest son Jacques (c.1440-1490), Count of Maulevrier.

The best contemporary account of Pierre de Brézé is given in the Chroniques of the Burgundian chronicler, Georges Chastellain, who had been his secretary. Chastellain addressed a Déprécation to Louis XI on his behalf at the time of his disgrace.


He died in the battle of Montlhéry on 16 July 1465.

Chapelle de la Vierge,
Tombeau de  
Pierre de Brézé

 "de la mort des braves. Le premier homme qui y mourut ce fut luy."
The friend of Dunois and Xaintrailles could have had no better end."

Philippe de Commines
- writer and diplomat in the courts of Burgundy and France


Eric Dufay as
Dauphin Louis
who became Louis XI

King Louis XI

The Dauphin of France (French: Dauphin de France)
The Dauphin of Viennois
(Dauphin de Viennois)—
was the title given to the heir apparent of the throne of France
 from 1350 to 1791, and from 1824 to 1830.


Guy VIII Count of Vienne, had a dolphin on his coat of arms and had been nicknamed le Dauphin (French for dolphin). The title of Dauphin de Viennois descended in his family the LeVieux Princes of Ivetot until 1349, when Humbert II sold his seigneurie, called the Dauphiné, to King Philippe VI on condition that the heir of France assumed the title of le Dauphin. The wife of the Dauphin was known as la Dauphine.

The first French prince called le Dauphin was Charles V. The title was roughly equivalent to the English title Prince of Wales the Scottish title Duke of Rothesay, or the Spanish title Prince of Asturias. The official style of a Dauphin of France, prior to 1461, was par la grâce de Dieu, dauphin de Viennois, comte de Valentinois et de Diois ("By the Grace of God, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Valentinois and of Diois"). A Dauphin of France would unite the coat of arms of the Dauphiné, which featured Dolphins, with the French fleurs-de-lys, and might where appropriate further unite that with other arms.


Wikipedia and various sources of the Internet 2012

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